Alopecia: What Is It and How Is It Treated

Androgenetic alopecia is a disease characterized by the rapid and sudden hair loss of the scalp or any other region of the body. In this disease, the hair falls in large quantities in certain areas, providing the visualization of the scalp or of the skin that was previously covered by hair, or body hair.

The treatment for alopecia is done according to the cause, however, hair loss can be treated with the use of medications applied directly to the scalp and must be recommended by the dermatologist.

Types of alopecia

There are several types of alopecia because their causes are different. The types of alopecia are:

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  • Alopecia areata: caused by factors auto immune system or emotional upset, characterized by intense loss of hair in certain areas.
  • Androgeneticalso called alopecia, is caused by genetic factors, associated with the rate of testosterone in the bloodstream, and this is why it is more frequent in men;
  • Traumatic: caused by the fact that the individual has the habit of pulling out the strands of hair constantly or for injuries to the head;
  • Seborrheic: caused by a dermatitis, which can be treated with the use of medicines;
  • Anagen: the anagen is a period normal in which the hair falls naturally, but when this mechanism is deregulated, there may be a longer period of thinning hair, which usually responds well to clinical treatment.

In addition, alopecia can happen as a result of the use of medicines, such as, for example, the drugs used in the treatment for the cancer.

Signs of alopecia

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The main signals indicative of alopecia is the loss of over 100 hairs per day, which can be perceived to find many strands of hair on the pillow when you wake up, when you wash or combs, or hair, or when it passes the hand by the hair.

In addition, the drop wires can be perceived when it is possible to easily see the scalp in some areas of the head.

What can cause hair loss

Hair loss can happen due to various situations, the main ones being:

  • Ringworm on the scalp;
  • Use of medicines;
  • Stress;
  • Reaction hormonal post partum;
  • Use of inappropriate chemicals;
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus;
  • Diseases such as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, secondary syphilis, or lichen planus;
  • Deficiency of proteins, iron, biotin and zinc.

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In addition, some types of cancer may also promote hair loss, such as cancer of the skin, for example.

Treatment for hair loss

For the treatment of alopecia, it is recommended that a consultation with the dermatologist so that the causes of alopecia are identified and the treatment is well-targeted. Some therapeutic options are the use of oral medications or topical use of cosmetic products against hair loss, or specific treatments such as intradermoterapia and procedure, for example. See how is made the treatment for hair loss.