Want to know what fruits and vegetables to give to babies during the diversification of food? Find out the answer and explain your questions in our article.
The introduction of complementary feeding, commonly known as diversification in food, it is a process that raises many questions parents and caregivers of children. One of the most frequent is “ which fruits and vegetables to give to babies?”
Before giving answer to this question it is important to note that the diversification of food consists in the transition from a diet exclusively of milk to another that includes, in addition to milk, food consistency more solid than ever.
In fact, if up until 6 months of life, breast milk as formulas for infants, are able to meet the nutritional needs of the child, from that height, these needs increase and can no longer be met by the scheme stakeholders, particularly with regard to energy, iron and protein.
This period is, therefore, a bridge for feeding the family, being an essential period to start the principles of a healthy diet, which should be part of the fruit and vegetables.
BUT AFTER ALL, WHAT FRUITS AND VEGETABLES TO GIVE TO BABIES?
Known for their richness in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, among others, fruits and vegetables should be among the first foods to introduce in child feeding.
The fruits and vegetables still have the capacity to reduce the intake of less healthy foods, which are at the origin of the development of various diseases, including childhood obesity.
At the beginning of the diversification of food, the supply of vegetables comes down to the soup/ cream of vegetables and some fruits with less potential allergenic.
However, with the passing of time and evolution of the dentition, the vegetables should be presented to the baby so isolated and different, being a regular in the meal, as a supplement of the same, as well as the fruit.
Finally, note that the vegetables and fruits are more likely to cause allergies (spinach, turnip greens, kiwi, strawberries, peach…), should only be introduced from 12 months, to prevent developing possible food allergies.
WHAT FRUITS AND VEGETABLES TO GIVE TO BABIES: VEGETABLES BY AGE
The first soups should be based on potatoes or sweet potatoes and carrots, to which you should add, gradually, a different vegetable between lettuce, pumpkin, onion, leek and curgete.
New vegetables should be introduced with a range of 3 to 5 days to detect possible food allergies or to develop to meet the taste buds of the child.
At this stage all the vegetables should be well ground so that the soup is a smooth texture.
In this phase, new vegetables can be introduced in the soup. They are:
From the age of 8 months, may increase the range of vegetables to provide the drinks.
- Herbs (fennel, coriander, parsley)
- White cabbage
- Cabbage heart
Within these, we highlight the aromatic herbs, which in addition to being able to be added in the soup, can also be added to the dish to help give a little more flavour to food that the drink already consumes this time.
With this age, the base of the soup can already contain almost all the vegetables, as well as legumes(beans, grain, peas…).
Gradually it is important to evolve in the texture of the food. In the first stages it is important to offer all the baby puree, but from the age of 11 months should begin to give the vegetables in small pieces (cooked or salad) for the child to learn to recognize the taste.
The habit of consuming vegetables (and fruit) raw, should be thoroughly implemented, prior to the child becoming more selective, what happens around 12-18 months.
WHAT FRUITS AND VEGETABLES TO GIVE TO BABIES: FRUITS BY AGE
The fruit plays a key role both in the beginning of the diversification of food, as during the rest of the life of the child.
Of the first solid food offered (4-6 months), is to complement the meal (12 months), preferably following the same to ensure the more efficient absorption rate of iron existing in the meat, fish and egg.
The fruit can be given raw or cooked, as long as it is mature, well-washed, peeled and shredded.
The intake of fruit is an integral part of a balanced diet and healthy and its consumption should always be encouraged.
In this sense, avoid providing a child jars of fruit, as they contain added sugar, among other ingredients, which gives them a flavor more serious, and may lead the baby to refuse the natural fruit in the future.
The first fruit to give the drink are:
At this stage, you can enter the following fruit:
In this age, the range of fruits becomes even wider:
- Tropical fruits (mango, papaya, pear-avocado)
At 12 months, already you can enter those fruits with the greatest potential allergenic:
- Red fruits (strawberries, raspberries, blackberries)
- Passion fruit
Note that the fruit offered to drink should respect the seasonality and should be offered in Nature, avoiding the offer in the form of juices, natural fruit (laxative effect and higher sugar content).
Above all, the introduction of new food should be gradual, peaceful, and unhurried for the child to adapt to the new textures and new flavors.
From the 12 months meals should consist of soup only vegetable dish and fruit.
On the other hand, in addition to know that fruits and vegetables to give to babies during the diversification of food, it is also very important to respect the fullness of the drink, and not force you to eat when it to demonstrate that you have no further appetite.
Finally, it is important to note that children have fluctuations in appetite, so that should not be a cause for concern the child does not want to eat one day or another.