The term anoxia, of Latin origin, refers to the almost absolute lack of oxygen in the tissues of the body or even in the blood. It is a concept related to hypoxia, which is the lack of oxygen in a body region or throughout the body. It can appear in various areas or environments, such as living tissue, water or even in weather conditions, for example.
In the case of human beings, and as medicine points out, there are different causes that cause anoxia. The Histotoxic anoxia occurs when tissues are not able to capture oxygen and secure. The anoxic anoxia, however, unfolds before lung problems.
When speaking of anoxia due to stenosis, the disorder arises from a decrease in blood circulation, while anemic anoxia occurs when certain alterations in the hemoglobin level make it impossible to fix oxygen in the necessary amounts.
It is possible to affirm that the most susceptible tissue to anoxia is the nervous one. If a person is only a few minutes without receiving oxygen, their brain cells can die (cerebral anoxia). It occurs when there is a decrease in blood flow or insufficiency of hemoglobin and its consequences can be irreversible or difficult recovery damages (brain injury, epilepsy, learning problems or paralysis, among others). Its causes are usually accidents in swimming pools, poor combustion of heaters in a closed environment and other domestic accidents.
One of the most common anoxias is mild anoxia caused by altitude sickness. This discomfort affects mountaineers, skiers and tourists who climb a high mountain too quickly, and people who travel to towns several thousand meters above sea level. Altitude sickness symptoms include dizziness, fatigue, headaches, dizziness and nausea.
Anoxia can cause mental disorders
One of the causes of neurosis is related to lack of oxygen during labor. There are cases of women who have received a fairly strong dose of painkillers during labor, which have caused complications in the survival of the fetus, preventing the free circulation of oxygen; in other cases it happens because the umbilical cord was cut prematurely and the newborn did not receive the oxygen she needed; In addition, in cases where the baby coils in the umbilical cord, she also suffers from lack of oxygen.
In any of these cases, when the baby does not receive oxygen, his respiratory and circulatory systems are paralyzed, then the body tries to fight against death; But this reaction increases the risk of dying, because the fetus begins to agitate and consume too much oxygen, so the lack of it increases. This problem is known as stressful fetus syndrome and can end in death, if specialists do not act quickly.
This traumatic experience is imprinted on the baby as a reaction that is described as prototypical, which will later determine the tendency to act in other situations with a similar kind of stress. In some cases, this type of experience remains buried for many years, undermining mental health and conditioning the way in which the person interacts with his environment.
Anoxia during birth can bring various consequences, such as: allergies, asthma, epilepsy, and even depression, suicide attempts, panic attacks, phobias, or psychosis.