According to DigoPaul, antecedent is a term that comes from a Latin word and is used to refer to that which precedes (which appears before something else in time, order or place).
This term can be used to talk about a circumstance or action that serves as a reference to understand a later event more accurately. For example: “The antecedent closest such a defeat dates back to 1984, when the team fell by 6 to 0”, “There was no history of violence that do provide for such behavior”, “National Novel Prize that he obtained in 2007 is the best antecedent of this writer who has surprised with his new book ”.
In the field of law, the circumstance in which someone has previously been convicted or criminally prosecuted is known under this name. The background, which can be taken into account as aggravating to a new criminal act, is recorded in the police files or in another type of registry: “The detainee for the crime of the teacher has a rich background”, “A man with a history Police officers were surprised while trying to enter the government house without authorization, “” Enrique has a record and cannot find a job. ”
In the police or criminal record, it is recorded every time a person is arrested or tried for a crime, whatever its magnitude. In the event that the file has simply been opened but the person has not been convicted of the crime, after a certain amount of time, it is possible that the file will be cleaned, eliminating those records. To carry out this procedure, it is necessary to be aware of the laws of the country in which the crimes were committed and the rules that exist to carry out said cancellation; It is worth mentioning that in many states it is not possible to carry out this purification, so once a criminological file has been opened to someone, it will be archived for life.
It is normal that before a person is hired by a company, they are asked to carry the document issued by the national police in which it is evident that they have no history, that is, that there are no records of that crime, it is say you have a clean record, or, no blemishes. This document is essential to carry out certain procedures such as getting married, traveling abroad or requesting certain permits.
In logic this term is also used to refer to the first proposition of an entinema. It is worth mentioning that a syllogism that lacks one of its premises is known as entinema because it is implicit in the statement.
On the other hand, in mathematics the first term of a reason is called that. The ratio of two consecutive terms in the sequence is known as the ratio.
The term in grammar
Also in grammar this concept exists and refers to the noun or the previous nominal expression to which any pronoun refers: In the sentence “The record I bought is excellent”, the antecedent of the relative pronoun “that” is the noun phrase ” the disk ”.
This word is often immersed in redundant expressions, the most common being “prior antecedent.” As the precondition is implicit in the antecedent concept, it is not necessary and it is absolutely incorrect to unite both concepts in the same sentence. Thus, the following sentence “She was tried and sentenced to two years in prison, which she could avoid for having no previous record”, should have been simply written, “She was tried and sentenced to two years in prison, which she could avoid for having no record ».